Modern Period (1840-1949)
Though covering a little more than a century, the Modern Period from 1840 when the Opium War began to 1949 when the People’s Republic of China was founded, was an important intermediate phase as far as
the Chinese history of sport is concerned.
The Opium War turned China from a feudal society into a semi-feudal and semi-colonial society, in which sport came under the unavoidable influence of violent social upheavals and followed a tortuous path linked
closely to the precarious national destiny.
It was during this period that the traditional Chinese sports inherited from the past coexisted and developed side by side with modern sports introduced into China as part of the Western culture, forming a new genre
with salient Chinese features.
Within the framework of school physical education, a large personnel was trained during this period for the promotion of sport in China. Sports meets were held at national and local levels. Sports organizations were
founded. Chinese athletes were sent abroad to take part in international competitions.
In the Communits-led revolutionary bases and liberated areas, great attention was paid to the cause of sport, adding an illustrious chapter to the annals of this particular realm of culture.